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Diseases & Conditions

Abscess

AbscessCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Abscess?

Talking about abscess, it is an infection signifies by a pus collection underneath a skin area. Two of the most common bacteria that are responsible for this infection are Streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus.

Causes of Abscess

Abscess occurs when bacteria enter your skin through an injured portion or a crack. That skin area then becomes red for a period of three to ten days. There is also a possibility of you developing a fever. Often, there is a formation of abscesses when you do not opt for any treatment of minor superficial skin infections.

Medications for Abscess

With regard to medications, majority of health care providers prescribe antibiotics in order to treat a bacterial infection. Antifungal drugs are employed for the treatment of fungi while antiamebic drugs are quite effective in the treatment of amebiasis. However, you need to take into consideration the fact that the abscess-lining cavity tends to minimize the drug amount that can penetrate the infection source from your bloodstream.

Prevention of Abscess

To start with, you need to maintain an excellent personal hygiene by ensuring that you wash your skin with soap and water at least two or three times a day, more so after lunch and dinner. You need to be extra careful when shaving your underarms or pubic area. For any puncture wounds, call your health care provider immediately.

Risk factors of Abscess

The main reason responsible for abscesses are sweat glands obstruction, minor skin punctures and breaks and hair follicles inflammation. Often, fungal infections lead to abscesses, while amoebae are the main factor behind liver abscesses.

The infection normally makes it presence felt in an organ through the bloodstream. In some cases, you may witness tissue penetration under the skin through an infected wound. Individuals whose immune system is not up to the mark are more susceptible to abscesses.

Symptoms of Abscess

With the passage of time, abscesses are going to get worse. When suffering from abscess, you are going to feel tenderness or pain. Symptoms of pain will depend entirely on the abscess site. If it is large then you are going to get fever, sweating and malaise. This is because of the fact that large abscess site is an infection source within the body.

Abscesses in the close vicinity of skin can lead to inflammation with redness, tenderness and enhanced skin temperature. Call your health care provider immediately if you are suffering from a high fever and red streaks are coming out from the spot.

Treatment for Abscess

If your abscess is small, applying warm compresses to the portion three or four times a day can do the trick for you. This will often give rise to spontaneous abscess drainage, which is very pivotal as the primary abscesses treatment starts with draining. However, it is of paramount importance that you do not drain an abscess on your own. This can cause trauma of the surrounding tissue and there is a good chance that infection can spread to other region as well.

Abscess draining is implemented by making a cut in the lining. You will also find that there is an escape route for the pus, which is develop with the help of a drainage tube. In some cases, health care providers leave the cavity open to the skin. Before the start of draining process, portion around the abscess is going to be numbed. After draining, you are not going to feel any discomfort.

Types of Abscess

Some of the common types of abscesses are mentioned below:

  • Boils and Carbuncles- In this kind, skin surface area and sebaceous glands are the main infection targets.
  • Psoas abscess- The main infection targets in this type are psoas muscles.
  • Liver abscess- This occurs when there is infected blood flow to your liver.
  • Lung abscess- Lung abscess may occur as a counterpart of pneumonia.
  • Pilonidal abscess- It occurs because of a defective birth.