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Diseases & Conditions

Acid Reflux

Acid RefluxCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Acid reflux?

When suffering from acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease or gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, there is a strong possibility that acids from your stomach will make it presence felt into your esophagus, giving rise to pain. In medical terms, this pain is commonly known as heartburn.

Causes of Acid Reflux

Acid reflux generally arises when your lower esophageal sphincter does not function in a proper way. When this is the case, acid will seep upwards from the stomach to your esophagus. Acid reflux occurs in pregnant women. If you have a habit of taking large meals, you are more prone to acid reflux. Another main reason responsible for acid reflux is the lack of digestive enzymes in your stomach.

Medications for Acid Reflux

With regard to medications, your health care provider is going to prescribe acid suppressant, propton pump inhibitors, prokinetic agents and antiacids. Acid suppressant like histamines will minimize inflammation. The main function of propton pump inhibitors is to minimize the acid production in the stomach. Prokinetic agents ensure that your stomach does not become overfull. Antiacids are quite effective in the treatment of mild acid-related symptoms. Another good thing about antiacids is that they play a prominent role in acids neutralization and offer you instant relief.

Prevention of Acid Reflux

To reduce the impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease in your life, it is quite important that you make some modifications in your lifestyle. There are certain foods that often trigger this condition. You should stay away from such foods. You may also get some relief from acid reflux by eating less at lunch and dinner. Make sure that you eat slowly and try to reduce some of your weight. Stay away from alcohol and do not take any kind of stress. By exercising on a regular basis, you can give yourself a much better chance of preventing this serious medical condition.

Risk factors of Acid Reflux

According to recent study, acid reflux occurs in about half of American adults on a monthly basis. Whatever be your age, you are susceptible to this condition. If you have attained the age of 50 and are suffering from this condition, it can lead to serious complications.

If you are one of those who prefer to eat a heavy meal and do not indulge in any exercise, you are going to get a heartburn attack sooner or later. Pregnant women are more prone to acid reflux especially in their third trimester. In third trimester, uterus kept on growing and this put added burden on your stomach. Heartburn in such scenario is quite a number of times resistant to antacids.

If experts are to be believed, obesity plays a prominent role when it comes to acid reflux. What’s more, it enhances the risk for erosive esophagitis in acid reflux patients. People suffering from asthma are more at risk when it comes to gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Symptoms of Acid Reflux

Some of the common symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease are mentioned below:

  • Asthma
  • Pain in your chest
  • Dental erosion
  • Heartburn
  • Hoarseness

Treatment for Acid Reflux

You are going to feel better if you are willing to make some modifications to your diet. There are lots of foods that are not good for people that are suffering from acid reflux. It includes black pepper, coffee, garlic, tea, tomatoes, spicy food and chili powder.

Types of Acid Reflux

With regard to types of acid reflux, it includes acid indigestion, gastroesophageal reflux disease and nighttime acid indigestion. When suffering from acid indigestion, you are going to experience a burning sensation somewhere along the breastbone. You are going to experience this sensation from anything between 2 to 50 minutes. In some cases, this sensation can also move into the throat.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is chronic in nature and you are going to experience exactly the same symptoms, as is the case with acid indigestion. When suffering from this condition, you are going to face difficulty in swallowing. If you are not careful, it can lead to more serious issues such as ulcers. Your esophageal tube can also get narrow.

Nighttime acid indigestion is a situational kind of acid reflux, as it mainly occurs during a night time because of your body positioning. Individual suffering from this condition may not be aware of this disorder, as there are no real symptoms associated with it.

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