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Diseases & Conditions

Aneurysm

AneurysmCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Aneurysm?

An aneurysm can be termed as an abnormal widening of a blood vessel portion. Some of the common locations for aneurysms are mentioned below:

  • Brain
  • Intestine
  • Spleen artery

Causes of Aneurysms

Aneurysms occurring in the brain are widely been regarded as acquired issues. In other words, they are not there at birth. Rather, they develop as you start aging. According to few studies, genetic factors also play a prominent role in this regard. Plenty of conditions are linked up with aneurysm. It includes polycystic kidney disease, ehlers-danlos syndrome, marfan’s syndrome and neurofibromatosis.

There are some environmental factors as well that make you more susceptible to aneurysm. Possibility of ruptured aneurysm increases if you happen to be a smoker. Individuals with high blood pressure and high cholesterol are more prone to developing this condition. It is worth mentioning in this regard that high blood pressure has a negative impact on your artery.

Medications for Aneurysms

After surgery, it is advisable that you use anticoagulants. With anticoagulants, you will be able to prevent the formation of blood clot. What’s more, it will also act as a pain reliever. Your health care provider can also prescribe you antibiotics so that you do not suffer from any kind of infection.

Prevention of Aneurysms

You need to contact your health care provider immediately if you develop a lump on your body, irrespective of the pain factor. You need to control your high blood pressure. To avoid various complications that are associated with aneurysm, it is quite important that you take healthy diet and exercise on a daily basis. If you happen to be a smoker, make sure that you get rid of this habit. Inclusion of low fat diet can offer you plenty of benefits. For syphilis, you need to go for an early treatment.

Risk factors of Aneurysms

Some of the risk factors associated with aneurysm are mentioned below:

  • To start with, your nerves can get compressed which may cause numbness and weakness
  • You may suffer from infection that can give rise to body-wide illness.
  • You may experience quite a bit of bleeding because of rupture.

Symptoms of Aneurysms

Talking about symptoms, it is dependent entirely on the aneurysm location. If it arises near the surface of your body, you may experience swelling and pain with a throbbing mass. You are going to experience no symptoms when it occurs within the body or brain. If you are suffering from ruptured aneurysm, you are going to experience symptoms such as pain, quick heart rate and low blood pressure.When suffering from aneurysm, you are going to experience irregular heartbeat. Chest pain and back pain are also quite common in this conditon. Once you get a feel of symptoms, interact with your health care provider and come up with a plan of action. Do not take it casually.

Treatment for Aneurysms

Your health care provider is going to conduct a physical examination. CT scan and ultrasound are two tests that are being used for diagnosis purpose. Regarding aneurysm treatment, surgery is the way to go. The kind of surgery that is ideally suited for you will depend on the kind of aneurysm you are suffering from and the symptoms you are experiencing. Make sure that you do not put heavy strain on your body before surgery. After surgery, you can continue with your daily routines.

Types of Aneurysms

There are two types of aneurysm, namely, abdominal aortic aneurysm and thoracic aortic aneurysm. Talking about abdominal aortic aneurysm, it is positioned along the aorta area that carry blood to the important organs until it gets divided into two smaller arteries that are given a task of blood supplying to the legs and pelvis. Abdominal aortic aneurysms can have an impact on any individual, but quite a number of times it occur in men that have attained the age of 40. Hardening of the arteries is the main reason responsible for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

More than 20 percent of aneurysm is thoracic in nature. It can arise anywhere along the aorta above the diaphragm. In number of cases, thoracic aortic aneurysm occurs because of connective tissue disorders, trauma and high blood pressure. Thoracic aortic aneurysm can also make it presence felt in individuals that are suffering from bicuspid aortic valves.