Diseases & Conditions

Breast lump

Breast lumpCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Breast lump?

At the time of a breast self-examination, you may be able to find lumps or slight modification in texture. For the sake of your health, it is quite vital that you are aware of the harmful breast lumps.

Causes for a breast lump

Some of the common causes of breast lumps are mentioned below:

  • Fibrocystic breast disease
  • Pregnancy
  • Breast feeding
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Chest wall tenderness
  • Breast infection

Medications for breast lumps

When nonmedical treatment is not proven effective for breast lump, your doctor will opt for danazol or birth control pills. Before you start using them, ask your doctor clearly about their side effects. When the reason behind your breast pain is chest wall tenderness, use of anti-inflammatory medications is advisable. Oral antibiotics are prescribed for simple mastitis.

Prevention of breast lumps

Once you have attained the age of 25, it is recommended that you start doing a monthly breast self-examination. If you come up with any suspicious masses, contact your doctor immediately for further testing.

Risk factors of breast lumps

One of the most common risk factor associated with breast lump is that there are number of lumps which may be cancer. Breast cancer is generally associated with the risk factors of hormones, age and genetics. More than 70 percent of breast cancers occur in women who have attained the age of 50.

Symptoms of breast lumps

Some of the common symptoms of breast lump are mentioned below:

Breast pain: You may encounter pain in your breast. There is going to be variation in the pain intensity, having an impact on your sleep positions and clothing selections.

Nipple discharge: It may arise due to infection or a tumor. In infection cases, the discharge color is going to be greenish or brown.

Skin modifications: In the case of cancer, you are going to witness the scarring of underlying breast structures. In addition, there is also a possibility of breast drainage and the color of your skin can become orange. Do not ignore these symptoms, it can be serious.

Mastitis: Mastitis may cause redness of the breast, pain, fatigue and swelling.

Treatment for a breast lump

In majority of women with breast pain, the physical examination and mammogram is the initial plan of action. Most breast pain without a lump does not require any sort of treatment. When the breast pain start having an impact on your daily lifestyle, your doctor may advice you some medications. Before the start of treatment, make sure that you analyze the complexity of your pain on a daily basis for three to four menstrual cycles.

Types of breast lumps

There are three types of breast lumps:

  • Pseudolumps
  • Cysts
  • Fibroadenomas

Pseudolumps: Pseudolumps can be defined as a benign scar tissue with hardened silicone and necrotic fat. Pseudolumps is going to feel quite hard and there is a strong possibility that there is going to be no modification in size and shape during a menstrual cycle. You can find pseudolumps deeper inside the breast. For the treatment of pseudolumps, ultrasound is an absolute necessity. If it does not appear in ultrasound, you have an option of needle biopsy.

Cysts: Talking about cysts, it is a harmless fluid, filled sac of tissue. The most important thing to note about this breast lump type is that it can develop right within the breast tissue. Cysts will feel squishy. If you kept on pressing the cyst, it will give a feel of water balloon. During your menstrual cycle, this breast lump type can move around with some modifications in size. Similar to pseudolumps, you can find breast cysts deeper inside the breast. Your health care provider can assist you in evaluating whether a lump is harmful or not. This type of breast lump appears in women who have attained the age of 40.

Fibroadenomas: This type of breast lump is all about harmless group of cells that support other cells type in your breast. Fibroadenomas is made up of glandular and fibrous tissues. Fibroadenomas will give you an impression of a round breast lump and during a breast self-examination, it can be moved around. You can find fibroadenomas near the breast surface. You can get rid of fibroadenoma with the help of a laser ablation. Fibroadenomas normally makes its presence felt in younger women. It can also occur at the time of pregnancy.