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Diseases & Conditions

Dyslexia

DyslexiaCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia usually occurs in young children and circle around their inability to meet and attain the desired levels of reading, writing, spelling and grammar as their counterparts in the classrooms despite regular training. This learning disability in children has been present in the world since historical times. Sometimes, this disorder can go undetected and untreated during the early stages of learning. Fortunately, they can be treated if they are detected.

Causes of Dyslexia

Dyslexia could crop up after a traumatic incident or an accident or death of a family member. While it could also be due to an injury to the area of the brain that controls learning skills, it could also be dysfunction of the brain. Primary dyslexia is due to dysfunction and not damage to the brain while secondary dyslexia is due to low levels of hormonal development in the fetal stage.

Medications for Dyslexia

There are no known medicine courses that help overcome dyslexia. Proper training and instruction to the child is necessary to help him improve his skills.

Prevention of Dyslexia

Other than treating dyslexic disorders at an early stage, there are no known preventive methods for the disorder. Constant assessments and evaluation modes for your child can help in finding out if they have dyslexia.

Risk Factors of Dyslexia

There are no known risk factors for dyslexia though malnutrition and low hormonal development could put a child at risk to being dyslexic. Exposure of a child to shocking incidents could also cause him to be dyslexic. Injuries to the head could cause dyslexia if the damage affects a part of the brain.

Symptoms of Dyslexia

Teachers may not be able to diagnose the conditions or the symptoms shown by a dyslexic child though there may be certain signs that suggest the advent of the disease. Letter and number reversals are present in the child’s written material. Though they are common till a certain age, the induction of the same error after 8 years of age could mean dyslexia. Difficulty in copying down from the board is a vital symptom. General disorganization of work, difficulty in remembering content and problems with spatial relationships are common symptoms. Finally, poor test grades can reveal a lot about the child. Depression and withdrawn habits of the child can be indicators of dyslexia.

  • General
    • Poor reading, spelling and writing skills
    • Behavior and attitude problems
    • High IQ but fails in exams
    • Low self-esteem
    • Learns best through hands-on experience
  • Learning
    • Dizziness and headache complaint while reading
    • Confusion by letters and numbers
    • Letters move or appear blurred while writing/reading
    • Bad spelling
  • Hearing and speech
    • Hears things not said by others
    • Difficulty in speech and incomplete sentences
  • Writing and Motor skills
    • Pencil grasp is unusual
    • Illegible handwriting
  • Math and time
    • Difficulty in solving and understanding math problems
    • Cannot tell time or manage time during exams
    • Basic arithmetic skills fail to work for larger problems
  • Memory
    • Poor memory for facts
    • Thinks with images and not words

Treatment for Dyslexia

It is mandatory for the parents to take the child down to a child psychiatrist if they see signs in their child as being dyslexic. Before a course of treatment is arrived upon, it is better to evaluate the child’s area of disability so that effective care can be taken to improve it. There are known improvement methods that help the child overcome the difficulties in learning. It is important to know when the child becomes stressed and not push him beyond his threshold level.

Types of Dyslexia

There are several types of dyslexia that affect different aspects of the child’s ability.

  • Trauma dyslexia – usually after a shock or a brain trauma affecting a portion of brain that controls reading and writing skills
  • Primary dyslexia – dysfunction of the left side of the brain
  • Secondary dyslexia – malnutrition and low hormonal development of the child
  • Visual dyslexia – of the eye and visual elements
  • Phonological dyslexia – spelling and sounds
  • Dyspraxia – movement and motor skills of the child
  • Dysgraphia – disability to hold a writing object
  • Dyscalculia – of mathematics and solving ability