Diseases & Conditions

Guillain Barre Syndrome

Guillain Barre SyndromeCausesDiagnosisPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatment

What is Guillain Barre Syndrome?

Guillain-Barré syndrome is widely been regarded as quite rare in the medical fraternity in which your spinal cord and the nerves outside the brain get affected.

Causes of GBS

Up till now, no one can say with full authority what are the common causes related to Guillain Barre Syndrome. It is called a syndrome because your health care provider is going to diagnose it on the basis of collection of symptoms. Recent study has come to the conclusion that more than 50 percent of all Guillain Barre Syndrome cases arise on individuals that have suffered a viral or bacterial infection such as diarrhea and sore throat.

Diagnosis of GBS

As is the case with number of other health conditions, health care providers rely quite a bit on your medical history and a physical examination in order to diagnose Guillain Barre Syndrome. If your health care provider is sure that you are suffering from Guillain Barre Syndrome, you may have to answer detailed questions. There is also a possibility that your health care provider may conduct few tests you in order to confirm this syndrome. It includes spinal tap test, electromyogram and finally a nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test. With nerve conduction velocity test, your health care provider can tell you clearly how your nerves are working especially when it comes to transmitting signals down to the arms and legs.

Prevention of GBS

The worse part about Guillain Barre Syndrome is that it cannot be prevented. But yes, following safer sex guidelines may reduce some cases. Also make sure that you stay away from drugs and alcohol.

Risk Factors of GBS

There are lots of common risk factors attached with this syndrome. It includes HIV, respiratory failure, Mononucleosis, muscle paralysis and Hodgkin”s disease. Interestingly, there are plenty of similarities between individuals treated with this syndrome and individuals treated with blood exchange. Patients of both conditions are prescribed a dose of methylprednisolone. Consequently you need to keep in mind that treatment oriented clinical fluctuations can lead to extended immune attack. Simply put, it can make your condition even worse.

Recovery process of GBS

Even after being discharged from the hospital, it may take two to three weeks when you start feeling good once again. You may require wheelchair during this period. Lots of individuals will require physical therapy so that they can move their body in a proper way. To recover from Guillain Barre Syndrome, you need to give yourself some time. Taking the services of a counselor or joining a support group may not be a bad option.

Symptoms of GBS

When Guillain Barre Syndrome does make it presence felt, one distinct feature of it is that it is going to progress very rapidly, with the most severe symptoms occurring as soon as ten days after the first signs appear. Some of the common symptoms of Guillain Barre Syndrome are mentioned below:

  • Weakness
  • Tingling in the legs
  • Sensation in the arms and upper portion
  • Your reflexes will get slow

Treatment of GBS

When you are diagnosed with Guillain Barre Syndrome, you will be admitted to the hospital so that your body functions can be monitored in a proper way. As the progression of this disorder is unpredictable in nature, you may be admitted to intensive care unit. When this is the case, your health care provider will be able to analyze your heart rate and blood pressure in a much better manner.

One of the most effective treatment options available for Guillain Barre Syndrome is plasmapheresis. In plasmapheresis, blood is taken out from your body and then it is being processed so that there is a division of red and white blood cells from the plasma. With the help of this routine, dangerous antibodies are erased and you are going to get a relief from the Guillain Barre Syndrome symptoms.

Another treatment option that is available for you is immunnoglobulin therapy. In this therapy, your health care provider is going to use healthy antibodies from blood donors to ensure that dangerous antibodies are blocked. For how much time you need to stay in the hospital will depend on the complexity of syndrome.