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Diseases & Conditions

Headache

HeadacheCausesMedicationsPreventionSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is HEADACHE?

One of the most common symptoms to accompany many illnesses is a continuous or throbbing pain the frontal part of the head or the sides and back regions of the neck usually referred to as headaches. The brain tissues themselves do not have pain receptors and as such do not feel pain. It is the surrounding tissues and the muscles that form the part of the head and the neck that are pain sensitive and give the symptom of pain depending upon the illness.

CAUSES OF HEADACHE

Some of the major causes of headaches in any person are

  • Flu
  • Ear infection
  • Tooth infection (type of Dental conditions)
  • Sinus infection
  • Pneumonia
  • Sinus blockage
  • Coughing - too much coughing can cause a form of traction headache.

MEDICATIONS FOR HEADACHE

Though the usual headache can be cured with non meditative treatments, there are some cases where the person suffering from chronic or excessive pain can use certain medicines to alleviate pain on a short term and immediate basis. The availability of Over the Counter medicines has caused many people to use these medications to get relief upon the onset of a headache.

There are two major classes of OTC analgesics:

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol): This group of medicines goes to work on the pain centres of the brain and reduce the symptoms of headache in a very little time. They are also known to have caused lesser side effects in people and do not cause any digestive problems.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): When the headaches are caused by inflammation of membranes and surrounding structures these NSAIDs can be taken to reduce pain. Aspirin is a very popular NSAID that is used widely.

Over the counter medications should be taken only if the instructions of use given by the manufacturer are followed strictly.

PREVENTIONS OF HEADACHE

Headaches are usually caused by irregular food and sleeping habits. These activities make the body more susceptible to inflammation of the pain receptors in the head and also the stress levels that can be endured by the person. Proper sleep and regular food combined with healthy exercise and relaxation activities are more effective than any medication in combating the occurrence of headaches in a person.

SYMPTOMS OF HEADACHE

Headaches are usually accompanies by throbbing or shooting pains in the frontal or lateral part of the head and sometimes the lower part of the skull. Muscular pain also accompanies in more severe cases. Watering of the eyes and slight ringing of ears has also been observed in people suffering from different types of headaches.

TREATMENT FOR HEADACHE

Depending upon the causative agent of the headache there are many treatments available. The usual methods involves providing measures to relax the muscles and also to use massages, hot or cold pads on the region of pain and medication as prescribed by a medical professional in case of chronic pains. Generally most of the treatments involve improving the blood flow to the region of pain so that the human body can respond with natural pain relievers available within the body that are delivered through the blood stream.

Using Bio feedback and relaxation techniques, breath control exercises are very useful in easing the pain during an attack. Complete rest either in the form of sleep or relaxation techniques like meditation are the best options available to everyone.

TYPES OF HEADACHE

There are multiple types of headaches, but there are no particular classification rules for grouping them. The usual types include migraines, cluster headaches and sinus headaches. Increase in stress levels of a person can also cause headaches in a person. The reason because of which the headache is caused also plays a vital role in typing it.