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Diseases & Conditions

Hearing loss

Hearing lossCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Hearing loss?

To get a proper understanding of hearing loss, you need to have a clear idea of routines that are associated with normal hearing. Sound waves produce hearing sensation with the help of a two different pathways, namely, bone conduction and air conduction.

Causes of Hearing Loss

Some of the common causes of hearing loss are mentioned below:

  • Anything that has an ability to fully blocks the ear canal can lead to hearing loss. Earwax blockage is quite a common thing. Your health care provider can easily cure this by getting rid of the wax with the help of a specially designed device.
  • Birth defects
  • An injury
  • Infections with swelling

Medications for Hearing Loss

For the treatment of hearing loss, there are number of medications available. It includes cerumenex, gentamicin and prednisone. Do not take ototoxic drugs as it can damage your inner ear cells.

Prevention of Hearing Loss

You need to have a proper understanding of noise. For example, an extreme noise which is associated with a firecracker, experienced at close distance can lead to permanent hearing loss. Continuous exposure to machines and engines can slowly reduce your hearing power. If you are aware of the fact that you are going to be in between dangerous noise, wear earplugs. Don't purchase noisy appliances when there are other options available. Make sure that you never stick a hairpin and cotton swab in your ear to get rid of the earwax.

Risk factors of Hearing Loss

Your inner ear cells can get damaged because of exposure to sounds. Your genetic makeup also has an impact on your ear damage. If you are involved in a job where loud noise is pretty much a daily routine such as factory work and farming, it can cause damage inside your ear. Drugs like antibiotic gentamicin and number of chemotherapy drugs can cause hearing loss. Do not take high doses of aspirin as it can have a negative impact on your hearing.

Symptoms of Hearing Loss

Some of the common symptoms of hearing loss are mentioned below:

  • Muffled hearing
  • You will not be able to understand what other individuals are saying, more so when there are background noise.
  • Radio and TV listening at higher volume
  • Not interacting with your friends and family members because of not hearing well.
  • Ringing in the ear
  • Ear pain
  • Fluid leakage from the ear

Treatment for Hearing Loss

Hearing loss treatment normally depends on the reason that is responsible for your situation. Use of hearing instruments is recommended by majority of health care providers. Although you may treat your hearing loss issue as a part and parcel of life especially if you are aged, but the right kind of treatment is an absolute necessity. Hearing loss may give rise to depression and loneliness. No doubt, treatment cannot bring back your hearing, but yes it can have a positive effect on your daily routines, social interaction and communication.

If you are suffering from middle ear infection, you do not need to worry as it will go away on its own. Use of antibiotics is advisable in this situation. If there is any sort of injury in your ear, make sure that you go for surgery immediately. An autoimmune issue may be treated with the help of prednisone. Assistive listening instruments ensure that you get a feel of certain sounds louder. On the basis of your needs, you can opt for wide variety of assistive listening instruments. Alerting instruments are also available in the market that can alert you to a particular sound such as mobile ringtone and doorbell.

Types of Hearing Loss

There are three kinds of hearing loss. It includes sensorineural hearing loss, conductive hearing loss and mixed hearing loss. In sensorineural type, there is a damage of your inner ear nerves. The main reason responsible for this type is aging. Other reasons include too much noise exposure, diabetes, high fever, stroke and acoustic tumors.

Conductive type can be both permanent and temporary. When suffering from this condition, you will find that sound do not reach your inner ear. Some of the common reason responsible for conductive type are wax buildup, ear canal infection and otosclerosis. Mixed type is a combination of both sensorineural type and conductive type. When suffering from mixed type, you will not be able to hear other people in a proper manner.