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Diseases & Conditions

Heart Diseases

Heart DiseasesCausesMedicationsPreventionSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is HEART DISEASES?

The heart is one of the most vital organs in the human body with even a few minutes of malfunctioning resulting in death. It is responsible for pumping the blood throughout the body thereby making sure that all the systems in the body get oxygen and are able to generate energy required for their efficient functioning. Any malfunction in the arteries that take the blood from the heart or in the heart muscles is usually fatal.

Causes of HEART DISEASES

In many cases an unhealthy lifestyle that involves smoking, diabetes, obesity and intake of high cholesterol foods causes cardiopathy to occur very easily. Other factors can also include high blood pressure, family history of problems and congenital defects.

Medications for HEART DISEASES

In case of high blood pressure symptoms Beta-blockers, such as atenol (Tenormin), nadolol (Corgard), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL), and propranolol (Inderal), can reduce the amount of blood pumped through the heart and reduce the blood pressure. In case that there has already been a attack these drugs can reduce the risk of a second attack from occurring.. Diuretics, such as chlorothiazide (Diuril) and hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix), expel the excess from the body through inducing urination and thereby reducing the blood pressure. In certain cases tissue plasminogen activators (tPAs) are used to dissolve clots that occur in arteries.Coronary diseases, most of the times are treated through a multi step program depending on the patient’s symptoms and lifestyle.

Prevention of HEART DISEASES

The best way to prevent heart diseases is to have a healthy lifestyle in terms of food consumption and physical activity. Consumption of alcohol and tobacco in any form also increases the risk of cardiopathy and should be stopped to prevent the onset of coronary problems. Proper food intake at regular intervals with proper stress management can reduce the risk of incurring heart diseases.

Symptoms of HEART DISEASES

The symptoms of heart diseases vary from person to person and also a host of other factors ranging from pain tolerance levels to other conditions that the patient maybe suffering from. But any and all chest pains or fatigue should be treated with caution especially in older people who are more prone to degradation of heart muscle or arteries.

Treatment of HEART DISEASES

Treatment of heart diseases varies from condition to condition. General treatments include an immediate supply of oxygen and aiding the breathing through ventilators. Medicines are also available that relieve the stress on the heart and prevent it from failing all together.

Types of Heart Disease

The main types of heart disease are grouped as follows

  • Coronary Heart Disease: A failure in the coronary circulation to supply blood to the surrounding tissues of the heart can lead to a fatal condition generally referred to as coronary cardiopathy. This is not to be confused with the disease of the arteries caused by the accumulation of plaques within the artery walls.
  • Cardiomyopathy: The muscles of the heart are usually known as myocardium and the deterioration of the functioning of this muscle for any reason is known as cardiomyopathy. People suffering from this condition usually have the risk of suffering from arrhythmia or cardiac arrest.
  • Cardiovascular disease are a set of diseases that affect the heart itself but may also cause damage to the veins and arteries leading into or from the heart.
  • Ischemic heart disease occurs in the heart itself reducing the efficiency of the heart leading to reduction in the blood supply to the different organs.
  • Heart failure also known as Congestive heart failure or congestive cardiac failure impairs the ability of the ability if the heart to pump sufficient amount of blood through the body. This is usually because of structural or functional defects in the heart itself.
  • Hypertensive heart disease is usually caused by localized high blood pressure
  • Inflammatory heart disease is caused by the inflammation of heart muscle or tissue surrounding it due to viral or congenital effects.
  • Valvular cardiopathy affects any one or all of the valves of the heart leading to inefficient operation of the heart leading to premature failure or a host of other conditions.