Diseases & Conditions

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis CCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C is basically a liver disease in which you are going to experience liver inflammation. Talking about inflammation, it is quite painful in nature that occurs when your body tissues get infected or injured.

Causes of Hepatitis C

The main reason responsible for Hepatitis C is virus called Hepatitis C. Viruses can be termed as germs that can lead to illness.

Medications for Hepatitis C

Two of the most common medications that are being advised by the health care providers in the treatment of Hepatitis C are ribavirin and peginterferon. Both of these medications attack the virus in a positive manner and you are going to get a relief in a matter of two days. Some of the common side effects associated with these medications are depression, and hair thinning. In some cases, you are also going to experience flu like symptoms. Follow the guidelines of your health care provider in this regard.

Prevention of Hepatitis C

To prevent Hepatitis C, it is quite important that you do not share drug needles with other individuals. Before touching blood of any other individual, make sure that you wear gloves. At the time of sex, use of condom is recommended. Do not use the toothbrush or razor of any other individual. If you are interested in tattoos or body piercings, ensure that it is implemented through sterile tools. If you are suffering from Hepatitis C, do not get involved in blood donation.

Risk factors of Hepatitis C

Anyone can get Hepatitis C but you are more at risk if your mother has a past record of Hepatitis C or you have sex with more than one partner in the last three or four months. You are at risk of Hepatitis C, if you have opted for illegal injection drugs. If you are suffering from advanced cirrhosis, your liver will damage more quickly. This is a very serious medical condition as your liver will not be able to process number of toxic substances.

When there is more pressure in your liver blood vessels, you will find that there is a build up of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Because of this, swallowing tube tear and there is going to be a huge bleeding. Skin conditions such as lichen planus and porphyria cutanea tarda are linked up with Hepatitis C. It is also linked up with B-cell lymphoma, commonly known as lymph system cancer.

Symptoms of Hepatitis C

When suffering from Hepatitis C, you are not going to witness any symptoms during initial stages. When symptoms do make it presence felt, they are normally mild and may include muscle pain, fatigue, fever and tenderness in your liver. Some of the other symptoms associated with Hepatitis C are mentioned below:

  • Jaundice
  • Bleeding will not stop easily
  • Tiredness
  • Upset stomach
  • Appetite loss

Treatment for Hepatitis C

The treatment procedure of Hepatitis C only starts when it becomes chronic. Once it becomes chronic, drugs that have an ability to stop the liver damage are used. If chronic Hepatitis C has cause serious damage to your liver, only option available for you is to go for a liver transplant. With liver transplantation surgery, your damaged liver is going to be substituted with a healthy one.

Before offering you any treatment, your health care provider will take into consideration your age, medical record and disease stage. The main objective of treatment is to ensure that your liver damage gets reduced and you do not face any complications.

At present, there are number of diagnostic tests available for Hepatitis C. Screening tests are the way to go if you have risk factors associated with Hepatitis C. To start the screening process, your blood is tested for the antibody with the help of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. If your test report is negative, it is a clear sign that you are not suffering from Hepatitis C. It takes three to four weeks for antibodies to develop. For the identification of Hepatitis C genotype, blood tests are conducted on you.

Types of Hepatitis C

There are six genotypes associated with Hepatitis C. They are all virus DNA sequences that are characterized by the numbers. Genotype 1 is tougher to treat in comparison to other genotypes. On the other hand, genotype 2 and 3 is easier to treat and with proper care, you can come out of it with utmost ease.