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Diseases & Conditions

Hypertension

HypertensionCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Hypertension?

Blood pressure can be defined as the force that is developed on the arteries walls when there is a flow of blood through the blood vessels. When the pressure reaches high proportion, it is called hypertension.

Causes of Hypertension

The main reason responsible for high blood pressure is not known as yet but factors such as smoking, thyroid, lack of physical activity, stress and high level of salt intake has a huge say in it.

Medications for Hypertension

There are number of medications that are useful in the treatment of hypertension. These medications are commonly known as antihypertensive agents. Before start using any medication, make sure that you ask your health care provider clearly, is there any side effects associated with them and for how long you need to take them. Initially, dose of antihypertesnive agent is going to be low. After the analysis, your health care provider may increase the dose.

Prevention of Hypertension

To prevent hypertension, it is of utmost importance that you modify your lifestyle routine. You need to take proper diet and exercise on a regular basis. Do not take unneccesary stress and if you happen to be a smoker, get rid of that habit. If your health care provider has prescribed you any medicine, make sure that you take it regularly without any gap.

Risk factors of Hypertension

  • Age: Individuals over the age of 50 are at risk of developing high blood pressure.
  • Gender: At younger ages, men are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure in comparison to women.
  • Family history: If your family has a past record of high blood pressure, chances of you suffering from it increases.
  • Smoking: People who are indulge in smoking is more prone to hypertension.
  • Activity level: If your activity level is low and you do not exercise on a regular basis, you are bound to suffer from high blood pressure.

Symptoms of Hypertension

Individuals suffering from pre-hypertension do not get an idea that they have high blood pressure because symptoms normally does not make it presence felt. Some of the common symptoms associated with hypertension are mentioned below:

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vision issues
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty in breathing

Treatment for Hypertension

Apart from getting medical help, you also need to change your lifestyle pattern for the treatment of hypertension. To start with, you need to lose weight, get rid of your smoking habit, minimize salt intake and more importantly eat healthy food. Talking about medical treatment, you need to take drugs such as beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers.

Plan your diet in such a way that it should include potassium rich food such as oranges, tomatoes, bananas and melons. You should take fresh fruits on a daily basis as they do not have much sodium and are quite rich in fiber and potassium. Once your blood pressure decrease, make sure that you contact your health care provider and ask for a advice so that it does not relapse.

Types of Hypertension

There are seven types of hypertension. It includes primary hypertension, secondary hypertension, alcohol-induced hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension, pregnancy-induced hypertension, medication-induced hypertension and malignant hypertension.

The main reason responsible for primary one is the poor lifestyle pattern. For proper treatment of this kind, you need to put an emphasis on stress management, dietary modifications and involved yourself in physical activities.

Secondary hypertension is basically a symptom of kidney, liver and heart disease. For the treatment of this kind, use of antihypertensive drugs are advisable. According to recent study, more than 35 percent of alcoholics suffer from alcohol-induced type hypertension. Women are more prone to this condition. Consuming too much caffeine is also a reason responsible for this type.

Isolated systolic type makes it presence felt in people over the age of 50. Use of diuretics is recommended for this condition. During pregnancy, plenty of women start to suffer from hypertension. The condition fades away within ten to fifteen days following delivery.

There are lots of prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications that can lead to hypertension. It includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and weight loss supplements. Prescription medications such as cortocosteroids and immunosuppressive can cause high blood pressure. When suffering from malignant hypertension, there is a strong possibility that your blood pressure level can become quite high. Some of the common symptoms of this type are blurred vision, chest pain and shortness of breath.