Categories
Diseases & Conditions

Pneumonia

PneumoniaCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia refers to respiratory diseases caused mainly by bacteria. It is an inflammatory condition caused due to infection from a range of pathogens such as bacteria, virus, and fungi. Occasionally, inhaled chemicals can lead to pneumonia.

Causes of Pneumonia

In many cases, pneumonia is diagnosed only in the advanced stages, the causative agents being mainly bacteria with a few types being caused by viruses. The pathogens range from bacteria, virus, chemical substances and foreign materials. The agents causing Pneumonia spread through touch. It can spread through person-person contact, but in majority of cases the culprit is unknown.

Medication for Pneumonia

A wide range of drug drugs are available. The most commonly used to battle pneumonia is penicillin, other types of medications are cephalosporin, macrolide, and azalids .The biggest challenge in treating the various types of the diseases is to select the desired. Pneumococcal vaccines are used for cure of diseases.

Prevention of Pneumonia

The very first step of prevention is through personal hygiene. The other methods range from getting vaccinated regularly and vitamin c can considerably reduce the risk of infection. Regular check-up for babies and adults who run a high risk is an issue of important to prevent pneumonia.

Risk Factors of Pneumonia

The risk factors of very young and very old people are high. The absence of spleen may enhance the risks. The major challenge is that some bacterial strains have developed resistance towards antibiotics and drugs making them indestructible .People with chronic lung diseases are at a much higher risk of contracting the infection, patients at hospitals and people administered with sedations and persons with cancer, kidney-failure also fall under the risk category for pneumonia.

Symptoms of Pneumonia

The general symptoms of pneumonia ranges from chest pain, influenza accompanied with cold, shivering and chills. The most advanced form of the infection shows off in the form of blood in the sputum, rapid –breathing, increased heart-rate, high temperature and frequent teeth-chattering chills. Nausea and blood-vomiting can also results from intense infection leading to death or permanent damage to the Lung. Pneumonia can accompany with any lung disease since it weakens the lung tissues and makes it vulnerable to infections.

Treatment for Pneumonia

The treatment of this inflammatory condition in varies according to the extent of infection. When detected early this can be treated from home and immunity needs no hospitalisation. Commonly used vaccines for pneumonia contain non-active bacteria or virus which enhances. The selection of an appropriate antibody is important. Home therapy involves few basic steps such as drinking lot of fluids and chest therapy.

Types of Pneumonia

Pneumonia can be classified clinically as acute and chronic based on the intensity of infection. It is of various types depending by the mode of transmission and degree of infection .The types are as follows

  • Aspiration pneumonia:
    This type of infection is caused by particles that reach the respiratory tract through direct transmission during speech or cough. It can also result from indirect transmission through another person.
  • Bacterial pneumonia:
    As the name suggests, this type of infection results due to the direct contact with the pathogenic bacteria. The mode of spreading can be through an infected person or can result from direct encounter with the pathogen.
  • Chlamydia pneumonia:
    This form of infection mainly occurs in younger people like babies and children; the incidence of this type is mostly unknown.
  • Fungal pneumonia :
    Infections that result due to fungal species are called fungal pneumonia. It can be treated using drug
  • Viral pneumonia:
    Viruses are the cause of this type, commonly influenza falls under this category. It affects very old or very young people. It spreads through person – person contact.