Categories
Diseases & Conditions

Stress

StressCausesMedicationsPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Stress?

The term “stress” can be defined as "a state of affair involving demand on physical or mental energy". It is a condition during which forces from outside affect an individual.

Causes of Stress

The causes of stress are innumerable. This is because different individuals react differently to different situations. Basically stress is caused due to the race between mankind. The race urges people to hypothetical situations that cause stress. The most common causes of stress are:

  • Overloading of work.
  • Disturbances in daily routine.
  • Motivation
  • Failure in work, etc.

Medication for Stress

Sedative medicines are used to bring down stress. These medicines depress the activities of the central nervous system thereby causing a sense of relaxation, reduced anxiety and tension, sleepiness, and slowed breathing. When sedative medicines are given in high doses they can cause slurred speech, an impaired ability to walk around, poor judgment, and slowed reflexes.

Prevention of Stress

Stress is really a bad factor that has to be prevented. Meditation is a good precaution to stress. One can be precautious to stress by thinking and acting. Being calm and steady can also prevent stress.

Risk Factors of Stress

Stress leads to a lot of risk factors. A person under high stress loses weight easily. It also leads to hair fall. Stress can easily bring blood pressure and can lead to heart diseases. Stress can make a person emotional very easily that can bring misunderstandings between personals. Stress can also lead to lack in concentration that can lead to failure of work. Driving with stress can lead to major accidents.

Symptoms of Stress

The following are some symptoms that can be observed from a person under stress:

Emotional and cognitive symptoms of stress include:
  • Feeling irritable
  • Feeling frustrated at having to wait for something
  • Feeling restless
  • Unable to concentrate
  • Thinking about negative things all the time
  • Negative self-talk
  • Finding it hard to make decisions
  • Having emotional outbursts
  • Generally feeling upset

Physical symptoms of stress include:

  • Muscle tension
  • Low back pain
  • Pains in shoulders or neck
  • Pains in chest
  • Stomach/abdominal pain
  • Holding breath

Treatment for Stress

There are various therapies that deal with healing stress. People can opt to that therapy that suits their taste. Some of the therapies are,

  • BEHAVIORAL THERAPY: This keeps people away from troublesome situations and also helps one to get out of such situations. This therapy can control common reactions to stress such as anger, anxiety, depression, etc.
  • COGNITIVE THERAPY: This therapy makes us think what kinds of situations bring us stress and helps us to be out of it. It becomes a preventive method for healing stress.
  • LITERARY THERAPY: This therapy deals with reading books, surfing through web, etc. One can read about stress and act according to it so that he or she can avoid stress.
  • TALKING THERAPY: This therapy deals with the idea of communicative healing of stress. Talking to friends, family members, etc can help out in healing stress.

Types of Stress

The following are the four main types of stress.

  • EUSTRESS: This is a positive stress that arises out of need for motivation or inspiration. This is a short-term stress and arises at points of enthusiasm.
  • DISTRESS: This is a negative stress and arises due to any alterations or disturbances in the routine that creates discomfort. This may be acute or chronic. Acute stress refers to distress that arrives and disappears immediately. Chronic stress is a prolonged distress.
  • HYPERSTRESS: This occurs when a person is overloaded. When a person is hyper stressed, even a little thing can result in a strong emotional response.
  • HYPOSTRESS: This is an antonym for hyper stress. When a person gets bored or does not work, he gets hypo stress.