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Diseases & Conditions

Urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infectionCausesPreventionRisk FactorsSymptomsTreatmentTypes

What is Urinary tract infection?

A urinary tract infection is quite a serious health issue that has an impact on your kidneys, bladder and ureters. It is more prevalent in women.

Causes of UTI

Generally speaking, urine is sterile and an infection arises when bacteria makes it presence felt into the urine and start to grow. A urinary tract infection normally starts at the urethra opening. In more than 80 percent of urinary tract infection cases, bacteria called E. coli are the main reason. You are more susceptible to urinary tract infection, if you are already suffering from kidney stones, spinal cord injury and diabetes.

Prevention of UTI

By drinking cranberry juice on a regular basis, you can minimize the recurrence of urinary tract infection. Another important thing that you need to do is to empty your bladder fully at the time of going to the bathroom. Do not retain your urine for an extended period. Instead of going for bubble bath, taking shower is a much better option. Do not use deodorant sprays in the genital portion as it can cause irritation in your urethra. Wear condoms during intercourse, it can assist you in preventing urinary tract infection.

What to do if you are suffering from recurrent urinary tract infection?

In this scenario, you should buy an at-home test for urinary tract infection, which is available over-the-counter. The best part about this test is that it will give you a clear indication of nitrite.

Risk factors of UTI

Few individuals are more prone to develop urinary tract infection. Women come under this category. According to one study, more than 25 percent women are bound to develop a bladder infection at the course of their life. The main reason behind this is their anatomy. In comparison to men, they have a shorter urethra, which minimizes the distance bacteria needs to travel in order to reach the bladder.

Sexually active women are more susceptible to urinary tract infection because sexual intercourse can cause bacteria to make it presence felt into the urethra. Women who take the assistance of diaphragms for birth control are at risk for developing an infection. After menopause, urinary tract infection becomes more common as vagina tissues get more fragile.

Symptoms of UTI

Some of the common symptoms associated with urinary tract infection are mentioned below:

  • Burning at the time of urination
  • More frequent urination
  • Bloody urine
  • Mild fever
  • Lower abdominal pain

Treatment of UTI

Use of antibiotics is recommended for a treatment of urinary tract infection. The antibiotic type and treatment duration is dependent entirely on the condition of a patient. If your infection is a bit complicated, you may need treatment for 10 to 15 days. If you are suffering from a mild bladder infection, it is quite vital that you drink lots of fluids. When you do this, bacteria will wash away.

For a pain in the abdominal portion, your health care provider will prescribe you medication after taking a detailed look at your condition. Medications for urinary tract infections are going to make the color of your urine bright orange. Follow the guidelines of your health care provider, otherwise bacteria will not be destroyed fully and chance of infection recurrence is going to increase.

Types of UTI

The most common urinary tract infection is a bacterial urinary tract infection. Urine consists of salts and waste products, but fact of the matter is that it does not include bacteria. And that is where when bacteria makes it presence felt into the kidney or bladder, it give rise to a urinary tract infection. Another type of urinary tract infection is bladder infection, which is going to give you plenty of discomfort.